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Author: Ian Graeme Heggie
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Keywords: roads, financing, management, commercial
Number of Pages: 172
Published: 1998-05
ISBN-10: 0821342371
ISBN-13: 9780821342374

In developing and transition economies, 60 to 80 percent of all passenger and freight transport moves by road-the main form of access for most rural communities. Yet most of the 11 million kilometers of roads in these economies are badly maintained and poorly managed. This paper discusses one of the most effective ways to promote sound policies for managing and financing road networks-commercialization. It discusses the emerging central concept of bringing roads into the marketplace, putting them on a fee-for-service basis, and managing them like a business.

Author: Hermann Gucinski
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: information, scientific, synthesis, roads, forest
Number of Pages: 120
Published: 2001
ISBN-10: 1428961429
ISBN-13: 9781428961425

Effects of roads in forested ecosystems span direct physical and ecological ones (such as geomorphic and hydrologic effects), indirect and landscape level ones (such as effects on aquatic habitat, terrestrial vertebrates, and biodiversity conservation), and socioeconomic ones (such as passive-use value, economic effects on development and range management). Road effects take place in the contexts of environmental settings, their history, and the state of engineering practices, and must be evaluated in those contexts for best management approaches.

Author: Dominique Van de Walle
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Keywords: micro, evidence, vietnam, aid, project, flypaper, effect, fungibility
Number of Pages: 31
Published: 2007

While most economists assume that aid is fungible, most aid donors behave as if it is not. The authors study recipient government responses to development project aid in the context of a specific World Bank-financed project. They estimate the impact of a rural road rehabilitation project in Vietnam on the kilometers of roads actually rehabilitated and built. Using local-level survey data collected for this purpose, the authors test whether the evidence supports the standard economic argument that there will be little or no impact on rural roads rehabilitated, given fungibility. They find evide

Author: Robert W. Norris
Keywords: japan, roads
Number of Pages: 84
Published: 2005-01-10
ISBN-10: 1411611284
ISBN-13: 9781411611283

The Many Roads to Japan tells the story of the adventures of a conscientious objector who had to follow many twists and turns in his life journey before finding his niche in Japan. Suitable for low intermediate level and above ESL students. An excellent resource for peace education studies, too. "The Many Roads to Japan influenced my students a lot, not only in studying English but also in searching for their own identities and thinking about how to live their lives." -- Kazuyo Yamane, Peace Studies lecturer at Kochi University "Norris’s story of a symbolic life is a gift from his own ex

Author: Greg Felker
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Keywords: institutions, technological, development, policies, hungary, industry, india, pharmaceutical
Number of Pages: 56
Published: 1997-12-01
ISBN-10: 0821340719
ISBN-13: 9780821340714

World Bank Technical Paper No. 376. Roads are agents of change and can be responsible for both benefits and damage to the existing balance between people and their environment. This handbook examines specific road projects ranging from minor rehabilitation and maintenance activities on existing roads to major works on new alignments. It provides a description of practical methods for designing and executing effective environmental assessments that are useful to those who are involved in various aspects of road projects, from planning to construction to maintenance.

Author: Transport Research Centre
Publisher: OECD Publishing
Keywords: safe, system, approach, targets, safety, zero, ambitious, road, towards
Number of Pages: 246
Published: 2008-10-14
ISBN-10: 9282101959
ISBN-13: 9789282101957

Each year around 1.2 million people are killed and 50 million are injured on roads around the world. But crashes are largely preventable and much can be done to reduce the burden of pain they cause and their economic impact. Many countries have set targets to reduce the number of casualties on their roads. Are these countries on track to meet their targets? What can be done in the immediate and longer term to achieve these targets? Is there a limit to traditional approaches to road safety? This report takes stock of recent developments and initiatives to meet increasingly ambitious road safety

Author: Jürg Andreas Stückelberger
Publisher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG
Keywords: forest, road, networks, location, automatic, graph, optimization, approach, weighted
Number of Pages: 141
Published: 2008-09
ISBN-10: 3728132179
ISBN-13: 9783728132178

In a large majority of regions where forestry activities occur, roads are the backbone of their efficient management. Automatic planning of a road network is an ongoing, challenging task. Advances have been aided by the increased availability and accuracy of digital terrain models, greater computing power, and improvements in optimization techniques. Defining the objectives and deriving adequate objective functions are crucial steps in guiding the solution toward an ideal network, especially when individual goals may conflict. For example, whereas the conservationist might prefer that a layout
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